Functions Of the Skin
What are the Functions of the Skin?
Functions of Skin are described below :
- Skin plays a vital role in the fortification of the human body.
- The skin acts as an automatic barrier that is formed by the cells of the Stratum Corneum layer.
- It provides mechanical strength to the tissues from which the body formed.
- Keratin is a special protein type that is present in the skin.
- Melanin is a dark-colored pigment present in the skin which is very light-sensitive pigment. It protects skin in contradiction of excessive amounts of ultraviolet (UV) radiation which usually comes from the sun.
- It protects the body from bacterial invasion.
- It defends the skin from physical injuries.
- Skin acts as a sensory organ of the body that efficiently transmits information regarding surrounding to the Brain.
- Inside the Skin somatic sensory receptors for Pressure/touch, heat/cold, pain is present.
- Skin plays the foremost role to maintain the temperature of the body.
- Skin release the heat from the body on the dependence of outside body temperature.
- If the surrounding is hot skin release sweat by the sweat glands that are present in the skin. This evaporation of sweat produces the cooling effect.
- The skin helps in the blood transportation to areas of skin, particularly in the limbs or Appendicular skeleton of the body.
- Skin plays a vital role in the devastation of microorganisms due to this Immune system of the body boost up.
- Langerhans cells, Phagocytic Cells and Epidermal Dendritic cells of the epidermis help to kill the Microorganisms.
- Skin aid in movement and growth of the body without Grievance.
- With the help of skin, various toxic materials excrete from the body.
- Waste materials expelled out from the body with the help of the skin surface. Amount of waste products is regulated by the volume and composition of sweat
- Skin aids in the removal of water, urea, ammonia and uric acid from the body.
- Skin plays an important role in the synthesis of Vitamin D.
- Vitamin D has different types which Vitamin D3 is formed a 7-dehydrocholesterol molecule of skin reacts with ultraviolet light.
- Vitamin D3is formed in the skin innermost two layers which are called Stratum Basale and Stratum Spinosum.
- But if the exposure of skin to Ultraviolet light is high, this condition causes serious Sun Burn that may lead to Skin cancer if the exposure will be prolonged.