Structure And Functions Of Skin

By | July 1, 2019

Functions Of Skin

Functions of Skin are described below :

Functions Of Skin

  • Skin plays a vital role in the fortification of the human body.
  • The skin acts as an automatic barrier which is formed by the cells of the Stratum Corneum layer.
  • It provides mechanical strength to the tissues from which body formed.
  • Keratin is a special protein type which is present in the skin.
  • Melanin is dark-colored pigment present in the skin which is very light-sensitive pigment. It protects skin in contradiction of excessive amounts of ultraviolet (UV) radiation which usually comes from the sun.

Functions Of Skin

  • It protects the body from bacterial invasion.
  • It defends the skin from physical injuries.
  • Skin acts as a sensory organ of the body that efficiently transmit information regarding surrounding to the Brain.
  • Inside the Skin somatic sensory receptors for Pressure/touch, heat/cold, pain is present.
  • Skin plays the foremost role to maintain the temperature of the body.
  • Skin release the heat from the body on the dependence of outside body temperature.
  • If the surrounding is hot skin release sweat by the sweat glands that are present in the skin. This evaporation of sweat produces the cooling effect.
  • The skin helps in the blood transportation to areas of skin, particularly in the limbs or Appendicular skeleton of the body.
  • Skin plays a vital role in the devastation of microorganisms due to this Immune system of the body boost up.
  • Langerhans cells, Phagocytic Cells and Epidermal Dendritic cells of the epidermis helps to kill the Microorganisms.
  • Skin aid in movement and growth of the body without Grievance.

Functions Of Skin

  • With the help of skin, various toxic materials excrete from the body.
  • Waste materials expelled out from the body with the help of the skin surface. Amount of waste products is regulated by the volume and composition of sweat
  • Skin aids in the removal of water, urea, ammonia and uric acid from the body.
  • Skin plays an important role in the synthesis of Vitamin D.
  • Vitamin D has different types which Vitamin D3 is formed a 7-dehydrocholesterol molecule of skin reacts with ultraviolet light.

Functions Of Skin

  • Vitamin D3is formed in the skin innermost two layers which are called Stratum Basale and Stratum Spinosum.
  • But if the exposure of skin to Ultraviolet light is high, this condition causes serious Sun Burn that may lead to Skin cancer if the exposure will be prolonged.