Introduction to Cell Cycle | Division | Phases

Introduction to Cell Cycle: The cell cycle is the process by which a cell replicates its genetic material and synthesized the other elements of the cell and at the end divided into two daughter cells is known as cell cycle

Cell Cycle

A German researcher in 1855 Rudolf Virchow made an essential observation about living creatures that all cells originate from another cell or in the Latin form known as “Omnis cellula e cellula,”.

Cell Cycle Introduction Activity

Cells duplicate by dividing themselves into two daughter cells. After division, every parent cell is divide by producing two daughter cells. Furthermore, these newly formed daughter cells can grow itself by giving two other cells at that time this cell act as parent cell and give rise the two daughter cells. By this new population of the cells formed by the division of single cell by progeny from it. In other words, by these cycles of cells growth as well as the division of a single cell is done into millions of cells. Growth and reproduction are basically the main characteristics of cells and essential need of all living organisms.

Cell Cycle

Cell Division:

Cell division is a very noteworthy process in all living organisms. During the division of each cell, DNA of the cell replicate and after this growth of the cell takes place. In the cell, all these processes must be performed in a well-harmonized way by ensuring correct division and formation of the progeny of the cells containing unchanged genomes.

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Phases of Cell Cycle

The Cell Cycle is divided into two Main phase.

  1. Interphase
  2. Mitotic Phase

Cell Cycle Diagram

Cell Cycle Diagram

After the cell division, the growth of the cell is a continuous process. In this  DNA synthesis occurred only during one precise stage in the cell cycle. The replicated genetic material the chromosomes (DNA) are then disseminated to daughter nuclei by a multifaceted series of procedure in the cell division. All these events are furthermore controlled by genetic material.  The chromosome is basically a thread-like structure composed of nucleic acids and protein that are present in the nucleus of all living cells. Chromosomes are the materials which carried genetic information in the form of genes.