Prokaryotic Vs Eukaryotic Cell – Difference and Comparison

By | July 14, 2019

Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic cells: The cell is the basic organizational and functional unit in all living creatures. Living organism fluctuate in size but they are all made up of cells. Earth’s organisms are cataloged by various types of cells. Entirely cells can be alienated into one of two classifications: prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells.

Prokaryotic Vs Eukaryotic Cell

Differences Between Prokaryotic cell and the Eukaryotic cell is very prominent. Prokaryotic cells are the ancient cells that are initiated in bacteria and archaea. Eukaryotic cells originate in multicellular creatures from the domain of  Eukaryota that’s comprised of Plants, fungi, animals, and protists etc.

Prokaryotic Vs Eukaryotic Cell

Short Intro Types of Cell

Two universal types are documented in nature. They are:

  1. Prokaryotic cells
  2. Eukaryotic cells

Prokaryotic cells 

Prokaryotes are the first cells that ascend to biological evolution. Prokaryotes are very small cells. Prokaryotic cells have simple cell structure. Prokaryotic cells have only a single membrane. But the cell membrane of Prokaryotes is frequently surrounded or enclosed by a rigid cell wall. The numerous number of finger-like projection called Pili also present on the cell wall.

Differences Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic  cell

The prokaryotic cell consists of the usual pair of Flagella that will help cell movement. In some Prokaryotic slime, the capsule is present that’s called Glycocalyx. In Prokaryotes Nucleoid is present that consist of Genophore. In Prokaryotes ribosomes also present. Mostly Prokaryotic cells have lack of the nucleus. In the Prokaryotic cell, membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum are not present etc

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Eukaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic cells are more complex cells than prokaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells are apparently derived from prokaryotes. Eukaryotic cells are much greater than prokaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells have the nucleus. In Eukaryotic cells membrane-bound subcellular organelles present. Eukaryotic cells also comprise microtubules that help in the maintenance of cell structure. The nucleolus is present inside the nucleus. Inside the nucleus, chromatin material exists. Besides all Eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound organelles like Mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisomes, Golgi apparatus etc.   Many of their metabolic feedbacks are isolated within special structural compartments.

Differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells are

Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells: 

Differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells are:

Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Cell

Eukaryotic Cell

Prokaryotes Cell

1.      Eukaryotes consists of nucleus bounded by nuclear membrane Prokaryotes do not have the nucleus in cell structure.
2.      Eukaryotes consist of membrane-bound subcellular organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus and Golgi complex. Prokaryotes do not have organelles
3. Eukaryotes consist of many large ribosomes Prokaryotes consist of small ribosomes
4. Eukaryotes consist of many chromosomes which undergo the process of meiosis & mitosis during cell division Prokaryotes consists of the single chromosome
5. Eukaryotic cells are reproducing only by sexual division Prokaryotes are on reproduced by asexual division
6. Eukaryotic cells present higher plants, animals, fungi, protozoa, most algae Prokaryotes initiate in eubacteria, the blue-green algae, the spirochetes and the mycoplasma
7. Lysosomes and peroxisomes are present in Eukaryotic cells. Lysosomes and peroxisomes are absent in the prokaryotic cell.
8. Microtubules are present in Eukaryotic cells. Microtubules are absent in the prokaryotic cell.

 

9. The endoplasmic reticulum is present in Eukaryotic cells. The endoplasmic reticulum is absent in the prokaryotic cell.
10. Mitochondria are present in the eukaryotic cell. Mitochondria are absent in the prokaryotic cell.
11.  The cytoskeleton is present in the eukaryotic cell. The cytoskeleton is absent in the prokaryotic cell.

 

12.  True Membrane bound Nucleus are present in eukaryotic cell. True Membrane bound Nucleus are absent in prokaryotic cell.

 

13. Example

Animal cell, plant cell

Example

Bacteria, Achaea

14. Diagram

Differences Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic   cell

 

Diagram

 

 

Differences Between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic   cell