The function of Cytoplasm: The intracellular cell content that possesses both soluble and insoluble constituents present in the cell is called the cytoplasm. Cytosol is the soluble liquid portion of the cytoplasm is known as cytosol. Cytosol is the place in which the organelles are immersed. Cytosol is also recognized as cell sap. Cell sap contains water, proteins, lipids and numerous other solutes and is highly viscous in nature. In the cytosol some important metabolic processes for example glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, activation of amino acids and biosynthesis of fatty acids.
Composition of Cytoplasm
Physical nature of the cytoplasm is colloidal. Chemically cytoplasm is a fluid which contains 90% water and 10% mixture of organic & inorganic compounds. Cytoplasm has different staining properties. Cytoplasm contains almost 20-25 % soluble proteins. In small quantity contains carbohydrates, inorganic salts, lipids and lipoidal substances.
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Function of Cytoplasm
- Cytoplasm is the site of many biochemical reactions that are vital and crucial for maintaining life.
- The cytoplasm is the place where the cell expands and growth of the cell takes place.
- The cytoplasm provides a medium for the organelles to remain suspended.
- The cytoskeleton of the cytoplasm provides shape to the cell and it also facilitates movement.I
- Cytoplasm also aids in the movement of the different cellular elements.
- The enzymes in the cytoplasm metabolize the macromolecules into small parts so that it can be easily available for the other cellular organelles like mitochondria.
- The cytoplasm is a means of transport for genetic material.
- It also transports the products of cellular respiration.
- The cytoplasm acts as a buffer and protects the genetic material of the cell and also the cellular organelles from damage caused due to movement and collision with other cells.
- The cytoplasmic organelles are specialized structures that haves its own functions like cellular respiration, protein synthesis, etc.
- The cytoplasmic inclusions are non-soluble molecules, they are seen floating in the cytoplasm, they act as stored fats and sugars that are ready for cellular respiration.
- The cytoplasm and the proteins prevent the grouping of organelles in place due to gravity.