Commensalism Definition Biology
Commensalism is an association amongst two organisms in which one individual organism get benefits, and another organism neither benefited and nor damage. This can be juxtaposed with supplementary symbiosis types, like parasitism and mutualism. The basic difference between them is that in symbiosis both organisms get benefited while in the case of commensalism, the one party or opponent party or either host remains unpretentious.
This relationship is existing abundantly in the natural world. Its major reimbursements are to be increased in a commensal relationship among living organisms and help in the conveyance, nourishment, fortification, or an assortment of other benefits.
Here in the following examples :
- Remora Fishes have a special disk-like structure on their skulls which allow them to attach with bigger animals, for example, mantas, sharks, and whales. Once the larger animal eats food, the Remora separates itself from the bigger animal to eat the additional food.
- Nurse Plants are basically bigger plants which provide a defense to seedlings from the harsh weather and from herbivores, eventually, provide them a prospect to cultivate.
- Tree frogs habitat plants and used for the purpose of protection.
- Goby fish live on sea animals. They have the ability to change their colors to blend them within the host this action provide protection from predators.
- Cattle Egrets feed on the insects that are stirred up by livestock animals when they are grazing. The cattle are unpretentious, while the birds obtain food.
- The burdock plant harvests spiny seeds which stick to the hairs or fur of animals or humans clothing. These plants depend on this method of seed dispersal method for reproduction method, while the animals are unpretentious.
Commensalism Examples in the Ocean
Sea Cucumber and Shrimp in Ocean is the best example. The association among imperial shrimp and the sea cucumber is a virtuous example of commensal species—one species benefits while the other neither benefits nor is harmed.
Commensalism Mutualism Parasitism