Classification of Carbohydrates | Definition | Structures

By | October 29, 2019

Carbohydrates Definition The term “carbohydrates” is applied to a large number of relatively heterogeneous compounds found in all animals and plants. Carbohydrates are polyhydric alcohols with potentially active carbonyl groups which may either be aldehyde or ketone groups. They also include those components which yield them on hydrolysis. Some carbohydrates also contain N and S. Carbohydrates are also called… Read More »

Function of Carbohydrates | Definition | Classifications | Examples

By | October 26, 2019

Definition of Carbohydrates:- The function of Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are basically defined as Polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. In other words, carbohydrates can also be well-defined as impartial or neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen,  and oxygen. In the least of the group of organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, typically in the ratio of 1:2:1 called Carbohydrates. Chemically, carbohydrates are… Read More »

Chemiosmosis | Definition, Functions & Examples

By | November 27, 2019

Chemiosmosis Definition: What is Chemiosmosis: It is the movement of ions by diffusion across a semi-permeable membrane (the membrane inside the mitochondria). Molecule ions with net electric charge as Na+, Cl-, it generates energy H+. Ions move down an electrochemical gradient in it. It is the type of diffusion, in which ions move across a membrane from high concentration are… Read More »

Serous Membrane | Definition, Structure & Functions

By | November 23, 2019

Serous Membrane Serous Membrane Definition: The serous membrane is defined as a thin membrane that lines the internal body cavities and the organs including the heart, lungs and abdominal cavity. The thin membrane of the serous membranes is composed of mesothelium tissue that originates from mesoderm. The serous membranes permits for functionless movement lies in a number of… Read More »

Proteins Functions | Definition | Types | Structure & Examples

By | November 21, 2019

Protein Definition: Proteins are basically biomolecules that high molecular weight polymers, polymers unruffled of α Amino acids.  α-Amino acids are joined to one another by Peptide linkage.  Peptide Linkage is represented as (-CO-NH-). Proteins are the most important elements of all living organisms. Proteins comprised of Carbon (C), Hydrogen (H), Nitrogen (N), Oxygen (O) and Sulphur (S). Proteins… Read More »

Transitional Epithelium | Introduction, Types & Function

By | November 15, 2019

Transitional Epithelium Transitional Epithelium Definition: What is Transitional epithelium: It is defined as a stratified tissue composed of multiple cell layers, where cells constitute the tissue may change shape on the basis of distention on the organ. When an organ filled with fluid, the cells present on the topmost layer of the transitional epithelium may stretch and look… Read More »

Chloroplast Function | Definition | Structure | Location

By | November 14, 2019

Chloroplasts Definition Biology: The chloroplast is the organelle that has the ability to use light as a source of energy for sugar synthesis from water and carbon dioxide is a special feature of certain plant cells. This process termed photosynthesis is carried out by these organelles. Chloroplast Function Described Below: Chloroplast Function Chloroplast Location Depending on the plants it… Read More »

Waxes Structure | Functions | Biochemistry | Examples

By | November 12, 2019

What are Waxes in Biology? Waxes Lipids: Waxes Definition: Waxes are the organic compounds composed of lipophilic compounds and malleable solids. Waxes form the protective coating by the mixture of long-chain apolar lipids. In plants, wax forms a protective coat of cutin on plants, leaves, and fruits. Waxes Structure Defined Below. Where does Waxes Come from: There are two types of waxes: True waxes… Read More »

Peroxisomes Structure | Definition | Structure | Location

By | November 12, 2019

Peroxisomes Definition: Peroxisomes are otherwise known as microbodies. They are single-membrane vesicles of regarding 0.5 millimeters in diameter. They contain an enzyme, D-amino acid enzyme, salt enzyme, and alternative aerophilous enzymes. Peroxisomes contain a range of enzymes, that primarily operate along to rid of the cell of cyanogenetic substances, and especially, oxides. Peroxisomes Structure Described Below: Peroxisome Location: Peroxisome,… Read More »

Oxidative Phosphorylation | Definition , Steps & Examples

By | November 12, 2019

Oxidative Phosphorylation Oxidative Phosphorylation Definition What is Oxidative phosphorylation: It is basically the synthesis of ATP by phosphorylation of ADP due to which energy is gained by electron transport chain and which takes place in the mitochondria in the process of Aerobic respiration. Where does Oxidative Phosphorylation occur: Oxidative phosphorylation occurs in the mitochondria. It is basically the synthesis… Read More »